India’s second moon mission, Chandrayaan 2 took off on July 22, 2019, from Indian Space Research Organisation’s Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh at 2.43 PM.
This lunar exploration mission is one of the greatest achievements of ISRO (The Indian Space Research Organisation) and here’s everything that you should know about it:
1. What happened to Chandrayaan 2 after it took off?
After it was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Chandrayaan 2 will enter the Moon’s sphere. It will orbit around the moon and on the day of landing, which is September 6, 2019, the lander will separate from the Vikram, the orbiter.
Later, after tracking a safe space for landing, the lander will land somewhere near the South Pole of the Moon. Pragyan will roll out on the moon and run a series of experiments on the surface of the moon.
2.What exactly is the intention of this moon mission?
Chandrayaan 2 aims to land on the dark side of the moon to trace water, its scientific goals include studying lunar topography and mineralogy.
3. The lander of this mission is named after a scientist.
The Lander of Chandrayaan 2 Called as Vikram, the lander of Chandrayaan 2 is named after Vikram Sarabhai, the man who is regarded as ‘father of India’s space programme’. The word Vikram means valour.
4. What are the three modules that Chandrayaan 2 has?
Chandrayaan 2 has three modules – an orbiter, a lander (Vikram), and a rover (Pragyan).
The rover weighs about 27 kg and works with the help of solar power, it also has two cameras to monitor its location.
The GSLV Mk-III, or Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III, which was used to launch Chandrayaan 2 carries all the three modules was initially named ‘fat boy’ and later Bahubali.
Both, the lander and the rover were tested on dry soil from Tamil Nadu.
5. India is the first country to touch the south pole.
With Chandrayaan 2, ISRO plans to touch the south pole of the moon. India will be the first country ever to explore the south polar region and was not done by anyone before.
6. How much did this mission cost the country?
Data shows that from June 2019, the Chandrayaan 2 mission has an allocated cost of ₹978 crore which is (approximately US$141 million) and which includes ₹603 crore for space segment and ₹375 crore as launch costs on GSLV Mk III. Chandrayaan-2 stack was initially put in an Earth parking orbit of 170 km perigee and 40,400 km apogee by the launch vehicle.